marc garrett
Since the beginning
Works in London United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

PORTFOLIO (7)
BIO
Net artist, media artist, curator, writer, street artist, activist, educationalist and musician. Emerging in the late 80's from the streets exploring creativity via agit-art tactics. Using unofficial, experimental platforms such as the streets, pirate radio such as the locally popular 'Savage Yet Tender' alternative broadcasting 1980's group, net broadcasts, BBS systems, performance, intervention, events, pamphlets, warehouses and gallery spaces. In the early nineties, was co-sysop (systems operator) for a while with Heath Bunting on Cybercafe BBS, dedicated to arts, technology and hacking.

Co-director and co-founder, with artist Ruth Catlow of the net arts collectives and communities- furtherfield.org, furthernoise.org, netbehaviour.org, also cofounder and co-curator/director of the gallery space called HTTP Gallery in London, UK. Currently involved in co-running, collaborating with many others on Node.London. Also co-curating various contemporary Media Arts exhibitions, nationally and Internationally such as Game/play a touring exhibiton.
Discussions (1666) Opportunities (12) Events (175) Jobs (2)
DISCUSSION

A naughty link...


------=_NextPart_001_0027_01C214CC.394089D0
Content-Type: text/plain;
charset="Windows-1252"
Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable

BlankZZO|(#X[z=>>_:(#Cv:(:(JT9#[(:((dBMMMMMMMMBMMMMMMMMMMMBMFMMMmggMBM@MQ=
Qe{{
ZZOod#uvz=>>zuu{v>>(:(?v==>((((dBMMMMMMMMMMBMBMMMMBMMBM>=(z?F@#M##Q=
gx2Hm
ZZ[[[Oxosuuu:::::(((((((VVV99D(dBMMMMMMMMMBMMMMMMMMMMBma{(>>zzwwQU#m##MZ
QQy[xv0vzzxd{:(::qMMm>((ZUU99+(dMMH#####X##X##M#QQQQD(#MBW#U@@@MMMM@8Oax
#HR[[d9VV0vv((((:q#MB:(((((((((d#Q######M######QSe_..`_C:(((:(:((zvUUwe#
@M$xv[xz{>>::===vc:::((:(x={:((XS##MMMMMMMMMMM###Q|....Q__((((zZZ#M=
BMMMM
OZ[:(=z[=>(~(:(:?{::~((((O:(:((QSDd#MMMB#MMMMM##MM#(.`.ZZ#MMMMMMMMMMMMOv
[[zxzZOz>c>:{oozv(:(((=====(((4Q#Od##MMBMBMMMMBXM##m.`.Zd#SQQQQQQ=
m#M#mzx
ZZ[[xxozzz=>>::(:(((((((:(((((QQSSAS##MBZMBMMM#Z###m_..Zd######MBMBMMBmQ
ZO[[[>>>((z[=:::::(((((((((([>ZGdXodS##MmdMR3#MQMM#mgaJAgmMMMMMMMMMMMMMM
OOvvvzwwggggagggggggggggQQQQQQkq#mQ#M#MBK#MB4#M#HM#FV""""777777^^^^^^:``
UU04ZO===>>>:((((((((gQQS###MMmQ@#MMMmMBBXM#Q##QQXZ:```.`````````````=
``
QQQQQ{((::((((((((aQQ####MMMMMMMMMB##PMB#MM###QSXQX_....................
0vvvv=vv=======ud#SMMMMMMMMMMMMMBMMMMBQ#wHnJ##U9VVvvvvvvvvv=
vVVVVV9##HHMM
>(>((::(((((~(ZQm##MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMBMBBM##QQQa__..__`.............(080VVV
>((D[((((_aeQQ##MMMMBmMMMMMMMMMBMB#MMBMMB###QQAs.`````..``````..`(=.``._
:((7v(egOd###MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMBMBMBBBB###QUG_.`````````````.(s____a
>((wodSSSSS###MH0gf%_JMMMMMMMMMMMMMMBMMBBBBBM###QZn_```````````..(ZwQQQX
>((SQSSSSSSS##MH!((((JMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMBBBBBBM###0Qi..`.``...`...(QQXSQS
>>>3XXXXZZXXSU%(((((((S####MMMMMMMMMMMMMMBBBBBM##GQQs...````````.(QQQQQS
>>ac0OO0OO0=`(((((((((SS###MMMMMMMMBMMMMMMBBBBB#R4QQQr`.``.``````(XQQSSS
>(O{::((((((_(((((((((QS###MMMMMMMMgMMMMMMBBBBBBMd#QQA(```. .&_.`(QQXSS]
>(Vv?v((((((((u((_(_((QQQ#QQMMMMMMmMMMMMMMMBBBBMMQm##Sk``.. `Qd; (XQQSS]
>(=>::((((((((((((((((XUXUU##@MMMM#MMMMMMMMMMBMM####XSD___. ````.(QQQQmM
>((ZI((((((((((~(~(awQQ###MMMMBMMMBMMmmmmQggMM########Y`:^^>777!QX####MM
:(:?0>(((((((((((gQS###MMMMMMMMMBBMBQMMMMMBMMMBB####QX:7{......(wgXvvvv0
>(:ae((((((((((gQ###MMMMMMMMMMMMMBBMMMMMMBBMBBMM##mQS}`````````(D~`(~(((
>(:dZ=(((((((d####MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMBMMBBB###QSw.```..```(mQa____(
>>>>>:>(((((y####MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMBMBBBB####XD.```````(MMMMMXMQ
>>((((((((((QS###MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMBBMMMMMMMMMBBBMBBM#####;`.````.(BMBMBmQ#
>>xzz{(((((dS###MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMB#KMBMMMMMMMMMMBBBB#####D.``..``(MBMMBZ4Q
=(V000(((((X##MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMME?>dMMMMMMMMMMMMBBB#####X..`````(MBMMBAdB
=>=={((((((####MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMBB;_MMMMMMMMMBBMBBBM#####Z`.````.(BMMEd=
MMM
>(>up(>:(((####MMMMMMMMMMMMMMME:.(MMMMMMMMMMMMMBBB#####R`....``3BBM#QBMR
=(>(=(>>::(m###MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMm.J:JMMMMMMMMMMMMMBBB###SD(a((___qB8UuMMBw
{(>z{>>>::J####MMMMMMMMBQMMMMMR~(~_C(dMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMB#Dz9WMB4MBkx4BKdKZ
{(oJT>{>::(S###MMMMMMMMMM###fV:.| .f:.d#####MMMMMMMMMMRvxvvvv4MMDgBDqEd#
zzzzzzz>>::3####MMMMMMMMMMM#Z&_?8V'.a###MMMMMMMMMMMMMROz[zHDoz#MMBD4BQMQ
vvuezz{>{>:(######MM###MMMMR>7l .(gMMFS#MMMMMMMMMM#M#0vz[zvzvzdMMm4###QM
[vMBgm>=>>>(##M#######HMMH8:(((?7999QdMMMMMMMMMMMMM#$xxz[z#Av4ZMMmdKd6MB
[x999Sz={={(X####SSSSSXXC((((((((((((dS############$x[xv[vvv4M$dMMEd+dM6
[v[[xxozz{zdQSSSSSZQmQQD(((((ggQe((((d#Xd#9#XS####6zxxxx[QxxdD[ddBBCa#EO
[zx4mzvozuX###########$>(((((###Mk(((d####m#mQ#QdAwx[xxxx#mgEz[dMB#(BdE4
[z[x[vxx4#####SSSXXSXC>::((((v=?0|(((X#B########MM##m[[xOxxMXz[dB#$eMmMZ
Oz[xyxxxQQmQQQQQQQAa{z>::::(>>=>(((((QXME#####MMMMMM#mxzZ4QMk4OdB#{MMMMB

------=_NextPart_001_0027_01C214CC.394089D0
Content-Type: text/html;
charset="Windows-1252"
Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable

<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN">
<HTML><HEAD><TITLE id=ridTitle>Blank</TITLE>
<META http-equiv=Content-Type content="text/html; charset=windows-125=
2"><BASE
href="file://C:Program FilesCommon FilesMicrosoft SharedStationery">
<STYLE>BODY {
MARGIN-TOP: 25px; FONT-SIZE: 10pt; MARGIN-LEFT: 25px; COLOR: #000000; FONT=
-FAMILY: Arial, Helvetica
}
P.msoNormal {
MARGIN-TOP: 0px; FONT-SIZE: 10pt; MARGIN-LEFT: 0px; COLOR: #ffffcc; FONT-F=
AMILY: Helvetica, "Times New Roman"
}
LI.msoNormal {
MARGIN-TOP: 0px; FONT-SIZE: 10pt; MARGIN-LEFT: 0px; COLOR: #ffffcc; FONT-F=
AMILY: Helvetica, "Times New Roman"
}
</STYLE>

<META content="MSHTML 6.00.2716.2200" name=GENERATOR></HEAD>
<BODY id=ridBody bgColor=#c0c0c0
background=cid:002501c214c3$d779b0d0$8428fdd5@FURTHERFIELD>
<DIV>
<DIV align=center><FONT color=#000000><FONT face=8514oem
size=1>ZZO|(#X[z=&gt;&gt;_:(#Cv:(:(JT9#[(:((</FONT><A
href="http://www.furtherfield.org/"><FONT face=8514oem
size=1>dBMMMMMMMMBMMMMMMMMMMMBMFMMMmggMBM@MQQe</FONT></A><FONT face=851=
4oem
size=1>{{<BR>ZZOod#uvz=&gt;&gt;zuu{v&gt;&gt;(:(?v==&gt;((((dBMMMMMM=
MMMMBMBMMMMBMMBM&gt;=(</FONT><A
href="http://www.furtherfield.org/"><FONT face=8514oem
size=1>z?F@#M##Qgx2Hm</FONT></A><BR><FONT face=8514oem
size=1>ZZ[[[Oxosuuu:::::(((((((VVV99D(dBMMMMMMMMMBMMMMMMMMMMBma{(&gt;&gt;=
zzwwQU#m##MZ<BR>QQy[xv0vzzxd{:(::qMMm&gt;((ZUU99+(dMMH#####X##X##M#QQQQD(</=
FONT><A
href="http://www.furtherfield.org/"><FONT face=8514oem
size=1>#MBW#U@@@MMMM@8Oax</FONT></A><BR><FONT face=8514oem
size=1>#HR[[d9VV0vv((((:q#MB:(((((((((d#Q######M######QSe_..`_C:(((:(:((z=
vUUwe#<BR>@M$xv[xz{&gt;&gt;::===vc:::((:(x={:((XS##MMMMMMMMMMM###Q|=
....Q__((((zZZ#MBMMMM<BR>OZ[:(=z[=&gt;(~(:(:?{::~((((O:(:((QSDd#MMMB#MM=
MMM##MM#(.`.ZZ#MMMMMMMMMMMMOv<BR>[[zxzZOz&gt;c&gt;:{oozv(:(((=====
=(((4Q#Od##MMBMBMMMMBXM##m.`.Zd#SQQQQQQm#M#mzx<BR>ZZ[[xxozzz=&gt;&gt;::=
(:(((((((:(((((QQSSAS##MBZMBMMM#Z###m_..Zd######MBMBMMBmQ<BR>ZO[[[&gt;&gt;&=
gt;((z[=:::::(((((((((([&gt;ZGdXodS##MmdMR3#MQMM#mgaJAgmMMMMMMMMMMMMMM<BR=
>OOvvvzwwggggagggggggggggQQQQQQkq#mQ#M#MBK#MB4#M#HM#FV""""777777^^^^^^:``<B=
R>UU04ZO===&gt;&gt;&gt;:((((((((</FONT><A
href="http://www.furtherfield.org/"><FONT face=8514oem
size=1>gQQS###MMmQ@#MMMmMBBXM#Q##QQXZ</FONT></A><FONT face=8514oem
size=1>:```.```````````````<BR>QQQQQ{((::((((((((aQQ####MMMMMMMMMB##PMB#M=
M###QSXQX_....................<BR>0vvvv=vv=======ud#SMMMMMM=
MMMMMMMBMMMMBQ#wHnJ##U9VVvvvvvvvvvvVVVVV9##HHMM<BR>&gt;(&gt;((::(((((~(ZQm#=
#MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMBMBBM##QQQa__..__`.............(080VVV<BR>&gt;((D[((((_aeQQ=
##MMMMBmMMMMMMMMMBMB#MMBMMB###QQAs.`````..``````..`(=.``._<BR>:((7v(egOd#=
##MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMBMBMBBBB###QUG_.`````````````.(s____a<BR>&gt;((wodS=
SSSS###MH0gf%_JMMMMMMMMMMMMMMBMMBBBBBM###QZn_```````````..(ZwQQQX<BR>&gt;((=
SQSSSSSSS##MH!((((JMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMBBBBBBM###0Qi..`.``...`...(QQXSQS<BR>&g=
t;&gt;&gt;3XXXXZZXXSU%(((((((S####MMMMMMMMMMMMMMBBBBBM##GQQs...````````.(QQ=
QQQS<BR>&gt;&gt;ac0OO0OO0=`(((((((((SS###MMMMMMMMBMMMMMMBBBBB#R4QQQr`.``.=
``````(XQQSSS<BR>&gt;(O{::((((((_(((((((((QS###MMMMMMMMgMMMMMMBBBBBBMd#QQA(=
```.
.&amp;_.`(QQXSS]<BR>&gt;(Vv?v((((((((u((_(_((QQQ#QQMMMMMMmMMMMMMMMBBBBMMQm#=
#Sk``..
`Qd; (XQQSS]<BR>&gt;(=&gt;::((((((((((((((((</FONT><A
href="http://www.furtherfield.org/"><FONT face=8514oem
size=1>XUXUU##@MMMM#MMMMMMMMMMBMM####XSD</FONT></A><FONT face=8514oem=

size=1>___.
````.(QQQQmM<BR>&gt;((ZI((((((((((~(~(awQQ###MMMMBMMMBMMmmmmQggMM########Y`=
:^^&gt;777!QX####MM<BR>:(:?0&gt;(((((((((((gQS###MMMMMMMMMBBMBQMMMMMBMMMBB#=
###QX:7{......(wgXvvvv0<BR>&gt;(:ae((((((((((gQ###MMMMMMMMMMMMMBBMMMMMMBBMB=
BMM##mQS}`````````(D~`(~(((<BR>&gt;(:dZ=(((((((d####MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM=
MMMBMMBBB###QSw.```..```(mQa____(<BR>&gt;&gt;&gt;&gt;&gt;:&gt;(((((y####MMM=
MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMBMBBBB####XD.```````(MMMMMXMQ<BR>&gt;&gt;((((((((((Q=
S###MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMBBMMMMMMMMMBBBMBBM#####;`.````.(BMBMBmQ#<BR>&gt;&gt;xzz{=
(((((dS###MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMB#KMBMMMMMMMMMMBBBB#####D.``..``(MBMMBZ4Q<BR>=(V=
000(((((X##MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMME?&gt;dMMMMMMMMMMMMBBB#####X..`````(MBMMBAdB<BR=
>=&gt;=={((((((####MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMBB;_MMMMMMMMMBBMBBBM#####Z`.````.(B=
MMEdMMM<BR>&gt;(&gt;up(&gt;:(((####MMMMMMMMMMMMMMME:.(MMMMMMMMMMMMMBBB#####=
R`....``3BBM#QBMR<BR>=(&gt;(=(&gt;&gt;::(m###MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMm.J:JMMMMMM=
MMMMMMMBBB###SD(a((___qB8UuMMBw<BR>{(&gt;z{&gt;&gt;&gt;::J####MMMMMMMMBQMMM=
MMR~(~_C(dMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMB#Dz9WMB4MBkx4BKdKZ<BR>{(oJT&gt;{&gt;::(S###MMMMMM=
MMMM###fV</FONT><A href="http://www.furtherfield.org/"><FONT
face=8514oem size=1>:.| .f:.</FONT></A><FONT face=8514oem
size=1>d#####MMMMMMMMMMRvxvvvv4MMDgBDqEd#<BR>zzzzzzz&gt;&gt;::3####MMMMMM=
MMMMM#Z</FONT><A
href="http://www.furtherfield.org/"><FONT face=8514oem
size=1>&amp;_?8V'.a</FONT></A><FONT face=8514oem
size=1>###MMMMMMMMMMMMMROz[zHDoz#MMBD4BQMQ<BR>vvuezz{&gt;{&gt;:(######MM#=
##MMMMR</FONT><A
href="http://www.furtherfield.org/"><FONT face=8514oem size=1>&gt;7l=

.(gMMFS</FONT></A><FONT face=8514oem
size=1>#MMMMMMMMMM#M#0vz[zvzvzdMMm4###QM<BR>[vMBgm&gt;=&gt;&gt;&gt;(##M=
#######HMMH8</FONT><A
href="http://www.furtherfield.org/"><FONT face=8514oem
size=1>:(((?7999Qd</FONT></A><FONT face=8514oem
size=1>MMMMMMMMMMMMM#$xxz[z#Av4ZMMmdKd6MB<BR>[x999Sz={={(X####SSSSS</=
FONT><A
href="http://www.furtherfield.org/"><FONT face=8514oem size=1>XX</FON=
T></A><FONT
face=8514oem size=1>C</FONT><A href="http://www.furtherfield.org/"><F=
ONT
face=8514oem size=1>((((((((((((dS</FONT></A><FONT size=1><FONT
face=8514oem><FONT
color=#ffffff>############$</FONT>x[xv[vvv4M$dMMEd+dM6<BR>[v[[xxozz{zdQSS=
SSSZQm</FONT></FONT><A
href="http://www.furtherfield.org/"><FONT face=8514oem
size=1>QQD(((((ggQe((((d#</FONT></A><FONT size=1><FONT face=8514oem><=
FONT
color=#ffffff>Xd#9#XS####</FONT>6zxxxx[QxxdD[ddBBCa#EO<BR>[zx4mzvozuX####=
#######$</FONT></FONT><A
href="http://www.furtherfield.org/"><FONT face=8514oem
size=1>&gt;(((((###Mk(((</FONT></A><FONT face=8514oem size=1>d<FONT=

color=#ffffff>####m#mQ#QdAwx</FONT>[xxxx#mgEz[dMB#(BdE4<BR>[z[x[vxx4#####=
SSSXXSXC</FONT><A
href="http://www.furtherfield.org/"><FONT face=8514oem
size=1>&gt;::((((v=?0|(((X#B</FONT></A><FONT size=1><FONT face=8514=
oem><FONT
color=#ffffff>########MM##m</FONT>[[xOxxMXz[dB#$eMmMZ<BR>Oz[xyxxxQQmQQQQQ=
QQAa{z</FONT></FONT><A
href="http://www.furtherfield.org/"><FONT face=8514oem
size=1>&gt;::::(&gt;&gt;=&gt;(((((QXME</FONT></A><FONT size=1><FONT=

face=8514oem><FONT
color=#ffffff>#####MMMMMM#</FONT>mxzZ4QMk4OdB#{MMMMB<BR></FONT></FONT></D=
IV></FONT></DIV>
<P><FONT face=8514oem></FONT>&nbsp;</P></BODY></HTML>

------=_NextPart_001_0027_01C214CC.394089D0--

DISCUSSION

What's\_New\_on\_Furtherfield.org?


------=\_NextPart\_001\_00A5\_01C213C1.01DBE7C0
Content-Type: text/plain;
charset="Windows-1252"
Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable

BlankWhat's New on Furtherfield.org?

Selected Artists at Furtherfield

DISCUSSION

Re: Behavior, Aura


No, not at all Joseph. It's just that many go through the process of
thinking yet it is not really thinking it is just neurotic deconstruction
which can slow the action of creative fluidity down.

marc

> If Joseph Beuys successfully displaced the "aura" from artwork to artist,
does
> this mean the behavior and characteristics of the artist are more
important
> than the thoughts or production?
>
> --
> Joseph Franklyn McElroy
> Cor[porat]e [Per]form[ance] Art[ist]T
> Take the survey they are all talking about...
> http://www.electrichands.com/genius2000
> Electric Hands, Inc
> 212.255.4527
> www.electrichands.com
> joseph@electrichands.com
>
>
>
>
>
>
> -------------------------------------------------
> This mail sent through IMP: http://horde.org/imp/
>
> + NO YES NO YES NO YES NO YES NO YES NO YES NO YES NO YES NO
> -> Rhizome.org
> -> post: list@rhizome.org
> -> questions: info@rhizome.org
> -> subscribe/unsubscribe: http://rhizome.org/subscribe.rhiz
> -> give: http://rhizome.org/support
> +
> Subscribers to Rhizome are subject to the terms set out in the
> Membership Agreement available online at http://rhizome.org/info/29.php3
>

DISCUSSION

COPYRIGHT AND DEMOCRACY


------=_NextPart_001_016D_01C2108A.38DEEC20
Content-Type: text/plain;
charset="Windows-1252"
Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable

BlankCOPYRIGHT AND DEMOCRACY
Joining Richard Stallman's sizzling polemic on the past and future of
copyright, Sandy Starr explains its increasing regulation by industry groups
and calls for more democracy. Ian Kearns sees copyright as a case in point
of how governments can regulate the net; and Eric Raymond argues the law's
an ass - concentrate on the technology.
http://www.opendemocracy.net/forum/document_details.asp?CatID=125&DocID=
=1476

------=_NextPart_001_016D_01C2108A.38DEEC20
Content-Type: text/html;
charset="Windows-1252"
Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable

<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN">
<HTML><HEAD><TITLE id=ridTitle>Blank</TITLE>
<META http-equiv=Content-Type content="text/html; charset=windows-125=
2"><BASE
href="file://C:Program FilesCommon FilesMicrosoft SharedStationery">
<STYLE>BODY {
MARGIN-TOP: 25px; FONT-SIZE: 10pt; MARGIN-LEFT: 25px; COLOR: #000000; FONT=
-FAMILY: Arial, Helvetica
}
P.msoNormal {
MARGIN-TOP: 0px; FONT-SIZE: 10pt; MARGIN-LEFT: 0px; COLOR: #ffffcc; FONT-F=
AMILY: Helvetica, "Times New Roman"
}
LI.msoNormal {
MARGIN-TOP: 0px; FONT-SIZE: 10pt; MARGIN-LEFT: 0px; COLOR: #ffffcc; FONT-F=
AMILY: Helvetica, "Times New Roman"
}
</STYLE>

<META content="MSHTML 6.00.2716.2200" name=GENERATOR></HEAD>
<BODY id=ridBody bgColor=#ffffff
background=cid:016b01c21081$d71a8420$ee28fdd5@FURTHERFIELD>
<DIV>COPYRIGHT AND DEMOCRACY<BR>Joining Richard Stallman's sizzling polemic=
on
the past and future of<BR>copyright, Sandy Starr explains its increasing
regulation by industry groups<BR>and calls for more democracy. Ian Kearns s=
ees
copyright as a case in point<BR>of how governments can regulate the net; an=
d
Eric Raymond argues the law's<BR>an ass - concentrate on the technology.<BR=
><A
href="http://www.opendemocracy.net/forum/document_details.asp?CatID=125=
&amp;DocID=1476">http://www.opendemocracy.net/forum/document_details.asp
CatID=125&amp;DocID=1476</A></DIV>
<P>&nbsp;</P></BODY></HTML>

------=_NextPart_001_016D_01C2108A.38DEEC20--

DISCUSSION

Re: VIRTUAL SKYSCRAPER


I thought that this piece was good also - it wasn't self -conscious, it was=
playful.

marc

http://www.jimpunk.com/www/100.000.000.000.000/

I thought this jimpunk hopper deal was pretty neat and good. Any art-the=
oretical arguments for or against? Mostly I was glad some were funny, and =
most were articulate without being overly so.

Way ta go Jim!

Max Herman