Thomas Dreher
Since the beginning
Works in München Germany

Born 1957 in Krumbach/Schwaben, youth in Ulm until 1978 (Germany). Lives in Munich since 1978. Study: Art History since 1978, doctorate in 1988 (Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich). Writes art criticism since 1985, mostly on intermedia art, conceptual art, performance art and computer art, esp. net art. Published books: Conceptual Art in America and England from 1963 to 1976 (in german, Peter Lang, Frankfurt 1992); Performance Art since 1945: Action Theater and Intermedia (in german, Wilhelm Fink, Munich 2001). Website: Intermedia Art: (in german). IASLonline Lessons in NetArt (: (german/english).
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IASLonline Lessons/Lektionen in NetArt

(Internationales Archiv fur Sozialgeschichte der deutschen Literatur online/International Archive for the Social History of German Literature online, electronic journal)
Institut fur Deutsche Philologie

IASLonline Lessons/Lektionen in NetArt,
files in english:

Lessons in NetArt
Thomas Dreher

Since 1999 the "Lessons in NetArt" introduce to examples of the possibilities of artistic creativity in the internet. They appear in irregular intervals

The "Tips" refer to actual projects. They are presented and discussed in a scarce form. Commented short tips introduce further interesting projects.

The section "Theory" contains contributions and discussion forums concerning problems of NetArt and its wider context. Fundamental problems of NetArt are presented in „NetArt: Einfuhrung" (in German) as a part of the history of Intermedia Art. "NetArt: Einfuhrung" is written as an introduction to problems which the readers find in the "Lessons" and the "Tips".

"Links" refer to platforms and texts on NetArt. Further links present platforms, portals, mailing lists and newsgroups with actual informations on NetArt, net conditions, activism, databases for Intermedia Art and book reviews in "IASLonline Rezensionen".

New articles, in english translations:

From "Radical Software" to Netactivism

On media activism: Performances with integrated film projections and integrated coactors with cameras (for film documents) thematized the role of cameras and film since the end of the fifties. New cheap video devices (Sony porta pak, available in America since 1965) changed that role and allowed the practice of new participatory forms in video art and video activism. The evolution of cheap devices for video production and the expansion of the American cable TV offered in the seventies new means for the realization of alternative TV programs which integrated viewers as participants. Since the nineties the internet offers video activists new chances for collaborative practices. Activists reacted to the criticism of net conditions and created tools against f. e. data mining and censorship. Different strategies were invented to use video and net tools in actions in the real and digital spaces
(January 2004/English translation: June 2004).

Net Polls and Political Dialogues: Andreja Kuluncic

Kuluncic´s projects are constituted by polls fur net and museum presentations. Lesson 13 describes and investigates the projects of the Croatian artist since 1997. The main emphasis is put on "Distributive Justice" which was developed in steps from exhibition to exhibition between 2001 and 2003 ( The poll investigates alternatives to John Rawls´ Theory of Justice and sums the preferences of the visitors of the website and the local presentations. A game was added later to the project which confronts Americans and non-Americans with different questions to the theme of the project.
(July 2003/English translation: August 2003)

New articles will appear bilingual (english/german).


Art & Language: Blurting in A & L online

Blurting In A & L online

The website of Art & Language within the website of ZKM (Zentrum fur Kunst und Medientechnologie, Karlsruhe, presents the lexicon "Blurting in A & L" (1973) in an online version ( because a translation into hypertext is feasible: Michael Corris and Mel Ramsden noted connections between 408 entries/annotations/blurts by other American members of Art & Language as well as themselves. The connections can now be presented as links between different webpages.
The website includes articles which contextualize "Blurting in A & L" within the activities of the group in the seventies. Present and former members of Art & Language (Michael Baldwin, Michael Corris, Philip Pilkington, Mel Ramsden) summarize and reflect on their activities. Thomas Dreher embeds "Blurting in A & L" within the proceedings of the discourse of Art & Language.
Around 1972, the group had fully recognized a need for a criticism of their own theoretical foundations. Using the philosophy of science (Popper, Lakatos, Feyerabend, Kuhn, among others) as methodological signposts, the members of Art & Language inaugurated a criticism of the art world and tools for a self- contextualization within the ensuing problem field. The entries/annotations/blurts in "Blurting in A & L" reflect the discussions at this particular stage. "Blurting in A & L" was followed by discussions focussed on sociological theories, which helped to contextualize the problems of the institutions of art (museums) and the art market (galleries) within the wider social field of the postmaterial forms of bureaucratization. These debates were accompanied in 1975/76 by efforts to embody the basics of the critique of bureaucratization in a subsystem of slogans as a way of reaching a wider public without loss of reflectivity.
A discussion forum starts the debate with seven questions concerning the actuality of the discourse of Art & Language within contemporary art activities. Former and present members of Art & Language will begin with the discussion, and then every user is invited to participate. The online discussion forum realizes an intention of the members of Art & Language: it opens the internal discussions for interactions with external users.
Each page within the website