PXL, Rainer Kohlberger, 2012
As the iPhone just celebrated its fifth year on the market, artists have already made a substantial dent in the commercially lucrative world of Apple’s AppStore. Despite this success, artists are still pushing forward to build apps that further integrate with the device’s sensors and location-based capabilities. Rather than working solely within the context of software art as I have covered in two previous articles on the subject for Rhizome, there is a focus now on artists who are interacting with the physical world by using the device’s internal sensors, location capabilities, constant Internet connectivity, and built-in cameras.
Using the camera as a sensor, “Konfetti” by German based designer Stephan Maximillian Huber visualizes the image of its subject into countless dots. In effect, the camera image is translated into virtual confetti that follows any movement and creates an ever changing images based on which camera is selected. The dot’s movement is correlated to the detected flow captured by the camera and by repelling other dots, which also move as you touch and drag them. Huber explains over email how the app works as a reflection based art tool. “The app started as an iPad-only app, and on an iPad the app acts like a mirror, showing an abstract reflection of yourself. You'll get a clear image of yourself only when you concentrate on the process of the app, and don't move too fast. It's like contemplating about yourself and the image of yourself. And as your thoughts and emotions aren't static the image the app generates is dynamic and adapts to minimal movements and new situations.”
Although it may seem more like a Photoshop filter app, the ability to dynamically change patterns in realtime to address tonal values in the photograph make “PXL” stand out, with its several drawing modes such as horizontal straws, 3D blocks, black and white shapes, news print dots and sliding bars. German-based designer Rainer Kohlberger’s other multi-iplatform app, “field”, takes a more abstract approach to image composition by using the camera to translate color values seen by the camera into a dynamically changing abstract geometric patterns and tonal composition.
“MakeGo” by UK based artist Chris O’Shea utilizes the accelerometer sensors in the iPhone to create a bird’s eye view on the screen of several different vehicles including a race car, an ice cream truck, and fishing boat. The accelerometers detect when the toy is pushed and in the case of the race car, the car makes the appropriate accelerating sounds of the motor revving up. This app is intended to be accompanied by a lego base for the iPhone to sit on with attached wheels to make it “Go”.
Erin Kennedy’s “Apps for Arduino” are simple yet intuitive ways of connecting your iOS device to the Arduino controller. “Meters For Arduino” visualizes its connection to Arduino through a vintage VU interface that mimics the old magnoelectric meters that measured values using a scale printed on the back plate of the device. The arms swings back and forth based on the incoming values from the pins on the Arduino that are being monitored. Her website includes a sample Arduino sketch that can be uploaded to the hardware and used with the app. These apps, along with her Mac OSX software “Buttons for Arduino” which provides a simple colorful button interface that allows one to control output pins on the Arduino by clicking the buttons.
Jody Zellen’s “Urban Rhythms” is a visualization of the way in which people navigate through urban spaces. The app displays people as stick figures wandering through a city. This free app is a playful jaunt into discovery of how life moves at a rapid pace specific to the location it is situated within. One of her other apps, “Art Swipe” is based on the Surrealist game of Exquisite Corpse and allows users to create three part collages from over 100 images from the Los Angeles County Museum of Art’s public domain library as well as use the device’s camera to snap photos which can be added to the mix.